• Building Tower Club House
  • Building Tower Club House
  • Building Tower Club House
  • Ventilation problem
  • Insolation problem
  • Visual obstruction problem
  • Acoustic problems
  • Vertical permeability
  • Vertical permeability - Ventilation
  • Vertical permeability - Acoustic

BUILDING TOWER CLUB HOUSE

This residential condominium of Curitiba, the implantation of three towers of 25 floors and 76 feet tall in a land with little tested was the challenge that led to the application of concepts that were already being studied by architects. The set of proposed solutions has its origin in a monograph contest winner on environmental and urban management, sponsored by the city of Curitiba in 1994.A spatial configuration distributes the three towers to avoid creating "walls". The L-shaped floor-type favors the release of visual and ensures the creation of a plaza in the center of the animation block. To facilitate air circulation, better insulation and acoustic control, softening the position of "funds" the last tower, designed large voids, which occupy two floors (5.4 m floor to floor). These spaces were created apartments.

The voids act as flaps, decreasing the intensity and allowing better distribution of winds. Allow sunlight to permeate regions would be in a situation of low insulation and increase the amount of insulation of facades of buildings, frame that keeps the humidity at appropriate levels to environmental comfort. The sound is also favored because the hanging gardens hold the propagation of noise and reduce reverberation and resonance between edifícios.Plasticamente, the towers were treated as three independent volumes with passages that connect visually. Thus, maintaining a unit when viewed individually, but harmonize when viewed in sets. The first tower is part of the public highway through a garden without barriers, a convenience store and a bank of 24 hours. Two independent access (social and
services) ensure the operation of the condominium without affecting the supply of services and employee access.
 
Imprint
Work: Tower Club House.
Client: Hugo Peretti & Cia Ltda.
Location: Curitiba, PR.
Land area: 3,011.20 m2.
Contruída Area: 26,376.00 m2.
Date of project: 1994.
Date of construction: 1996
Team Technical Architecture: Performs Architecture and Planning,
architects Frederick Carstens and Antonio José Gonçalves Junior.
Construction: Hugo Peretti & Cia Ltda.
Consultancy and project execution of frames: Frames Aluenge.
Supplier aluminum and glass: Engevidros.
 
Imprint
Work: Tower Club House.
Client: Hugo Peretti & Cia Ltda.
Location: Curitiba, PR.
Land area: 3,011.20 m2.
Contruída Area: 26,376.00 m2.
Date of project: 1994.
Date of construction: 1996
Team Technical Architecture: Performs Architecture and Planning,
architects Frederick Carstens and Antonio José Gonçalves Junior.
Construction: Hugo Peretti & Cia Ltda.
Consultancy and project execution of frames: Frames Aluenge.
Supplier aluminum and glass: Engevidros.
 
THE QUALITY OF URBAN ENVIRONMENT depends fundamentally guidelines and actions in terms of region and city, but it is increasingly apparent direct links between environment and energy versus urban design, architecture, the morphology of the city. Interest in an environment RECYCLABLE AUTO AND COMFORTABLE points us to right relationships between environmental factors and architectural solutions through RESPECT TO THE SENSES OF MAN, often attacked by various types of pollution that cause bad odors, noise unbearable, visual and thermal discomfort, and USE OF LIABILITIES energy achieved by more urban design than by the use of high-tech facilities and unviable costs that characterize the active use of energy. URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CURRENT can not ignore the energy and unfavorable environmental factors that are created by inertial attitudes in the context of urban planning and must then seek solutions and encourage improvement in the quality of life for residents of our
cities.
 
THE EFFECT SEAWALL
 
A good example of how urban planning and spatial configuration induces similar architectural modules are the "walls" of buildings. It is common to see in big cities the disposition of masses built in parallel along the streets. For the great height of buildings and little distance between them the resulting space is full of inconveniences to the quality of life of the inhabitants of these regions. This situation constitutes a TYPICAL URBAN DESIGN result of plans for urban areas with high density where small side setbacks, coupled with the high potential of high buildings generate constructive feedbacks and very
close together. This situation has been dominated EFFECT seawall.
 
The problems arising from this morphology can be classified into:
A - ventilation problems,
B - problems of insolation,
C - moisture problems,
D - acoustic problems,
E - temperature problems,
F - air pollution problems,
G - problem of energy consumption,
H - problems of visual obstruction,
I - health problems and stress of the inhabitants.
 
These aforementioned problems, work together and take up the cause and consequence of the other in a chaotic and aggressive compared to the quality of urban life.
 
A - VENTILATION PROBLEM
The buildings act as barriers to winds causing areas of strong positive and others negative pressure, can also generate the increase in wind speed is by your height or the effect corredor.As high
wind speeds cause areas unsuitable for urban residence as play grounds and recreation areas that are never used, also cause problems in the frames as chatter, vibration and vazamentos.As neutral zones are synonymous with evil scoured areas that contribute greatly to the emergence of mold and air pollution, as it creates a leeward torvelinhoà submitting a region of very small air exchange.
 
B - PROBLEMS SUNSTROKE
Depending on the orientation of the building will notice the appearance of areas with little or no period throughout the day insolation. The adverse health effects resulting from lack of sunlight are clear and conspicuous. The
temperature decrease in zones of shade can also be easily ascertained.
 
C - HUMIDITY PROBLEMS
The association ares with poor ventilation and plenty of shade leads to high levels of humidity can cause discomfort to residents and unsanitary. In Curitiba eg cross ventilation zones without affecting
easily indices above 100% causing condensation, damp walls, mold ...
 
D - ACOUSTIC PROBLEMS
The parallelism and closeness between the plans of the buildings and the street between their faces generates a highly damaging association. In some places, such as structural Curitiba sector reached saturation levels. Cars
function as noise source and the parallel resonance between the buildings and cause reverberation with values ​​exceeding 82 dB According to research of Professor William Barbosa (Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering UFPR) sector structural Curitiba (which concentrate the "walls" of the city) feature a standard external noise definitely unacceptable according to the criteria HUD (Dept. Housing and Urban Development USA).
 
E - TEMPERATURE PROBLEMS
In regions with large highly compacted surface pavement, concrete and buildings close to each other, the heat emission of household equipment, commercial vehicles and the concentration of pollution sources modify the urban climate, favoring thermal storage to avoid heat losses and forming The effect of islet thermal and thermal inversion.
 
F - AIR POLLUTION PROBLEMS
Results of the aforementioned problems and formation of stagnant areas with hot air, humid and polluted with formation of smog air pollution is obviously compounded by the difficulty of concentration and dispersion.
 
G - PROBLEMS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION
Directly or indirectly thousands equipment dehumidifiers, heaters, fans, sterilizers, conditioners and other heat are added to soften the effects of the catastrophic effect seawall causing a waste inconceivable today.
 
H - OBSTRUCTION OF VISUAL PROBLEMS
The formation of corridors or walls makes the city terribly predictable and oppressive citizen. The lack of visual effect and visual continuity coupled with gigantic scale of the buildings reduces the ability
reading the city.
 
I - HEALTH PROBLEMS AND STRESS
The urban disease or stress of modern man owes much to the harmful consequences of the end wall, either by thermal discomfort, sound, insolation, and other visual that carries the inhabitants of these
spaces.
 
ARCHITECTURE AS URBAN PLAN SUBSIDIZING SOFTEN THE EFFECT SEAWALL
 
The architectural solution for the plan, the viability of the module to the solution set. This paper reviews the urban plan can be exemplified as follows. The creation of voids throughout the buildings are built upon the quickest and easiest solution to solve the problem of mass corridors built, the real walls that proliferate in urban centers, whereas a drastic decrease in the coefficient constructive or increased side setbacks inviabilizariam economic occupation of our cities. These openings may occupy an entire deck or part of the floor may have one right foot, two or more in height, may have relations with neighboring buildings or streets forming squares suspended, or may vary in dimensions depending upon the shape desired results. These voids may be intended for gardens, recreation, public activities or commercial use may have their private or public according to the characteristics of different regions of the city, its environmental and social / cultural. As its proportions may occupy separate buildings varying in height or may be subject to association by creating streets or squares suspended. By creating a permeability in the walls of buildings named this system "Vertical Permeability" The stimulus creating these openings fit considering legislation municipal areas as empty areas not computable or transferring the constructive potential that the entrepreneur would lose with empty areas of low capacity density (of structural and central areas to ZR4, ZR3, ZR2, where Curitiba) where the effect is not felt wall.
 
STATEMENT OF VERTICAL PERMEABILITY
 
A- VENTILATION
The voids act as flaps reducing wind speed both vertically and horizontally (hall effect). They also enable better distribution of areas of high winds balancing positive or negative pressure. And as a most beneficial effect, the vertical permeability considerably improves the dispersion of pollutants and reduce moisture, as they produce much more areas of air exchange.
 
B - SUNSTROKE
The voids cause the sun's rays permeate regions that previously were in a situation of low insolation and increases the amount of sunlight to building facades.
 
C - HUMIDITY
The ease of insolation and ventilation causes moisture to appropriate levels return to environmental comfort.
 
D - ACOUSTIC
Functioning as real sponges with high degree of absorption voids holds the propagation of noise and decreases the reverb and resonance between buildings. It is noteworthy that the floor slab and the voids should be coated with materials of high absorption avoiding inconvenience to the residents of the building.
 
E- TEMPERATURE AND POLLUTION
The effects of thermal and islets inversion and pollution are reduced substantially by the ease of air circulation at any time of the day.
 
F - ENERGY CONSUMPTION
The environmental control equipment such as air circulators, air conditioning, esterializadores, among other usage has significantly reduced since the environmental conditions become more suitable to man.
 
G - VISUAL
Voids make the sky line of cliffs fragmented creating focal points, and unexpected scenarios allowing visual continuity for pedestrians and residents.
 
H - HEALTH
Enabling residents of large urban centers favorable environmental comfort and quality space greatly reduces urban predispositions to diseases and stress.
 
SOURCE TECHNIQUE
 
MARILDA OLIVEIRA DIAS - Division Head of Pollution Control and supervision of the Municipal Environment.
PROF. ALEXANDRE TON OF SAINTS - Architect. Professor at PUC / PR. Specialization in bioclimatic architecture and architecture bioambiental. Depth studies on urban architecture. Energy in urban architecture.
PROF. Wiliam ALVES BARBOSA - Professor, Department of Mechanical Power UFPR.
PROF. INÊS MORRESCA DANNI-OLIVEIRA - Professor, Department of Geography UFPR.
PROF. SUNDAYS Bongestabs - Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning UFPR.